Zewail City of Science and Technology
6th of October City, Giza Governorate, Egypt
Cairo, “Al Qahira” in Arabic, which means «The Vanquisher» or «The Triumphant»; is an ancient city built by the Fatimid leader Jawhar Al Siquilly in 969. Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the cultural and scientific capital of the Arab and Islamic world. It has a metropolitan area population of about 17.285 million people, thus counting as the sixteenth most populous metropolitan area in the world and the most populous one in Africa. The city celebrates its national day on the 6th of July and its flag carries Al Azhar mosque, a landmark of Egyptian culture and Islamic religion.
Cairo is located on the banks and islands of the River Nile in the north of Egypt. Cairo covers almost 214 km2 and stretches to about 41.542 km.
The oldest part of the city is on the east of the river. There, the city gradually spreads west, engulfing the agricultural lands next to the Nile. These western areas are marked by wide boulevards, public gardens, and open spaces. The older eastern section of the city is very different; it is filled with small lanes and crowded tenements. While western Cairo is dominated by the government buildings and modern architecture, the eastern half is filled with hundreds of ancient mosques that act as landmarks.
On the outskirts of Cairo, stands the Giza Plateau, the site of some of the most impressive ancient monuments of the world, including the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramids of Giza and a number of other large pyramids and temples.
Today, Greater Cairo encompasses various historic and touristic attractions as well as modern landmarks. Most famous among those are Saladin’s Citadel, Virgin Mary’s Tree, the Mosque of Amr Ibn Alaas, the Hanging Church and the Cairo Tower, in addition to the Egyptian museum and the historic district of Khan El Khalili.